Laparoscopy is the most prevalent procedure for diagnosis and treatment of mild to moderate cases of endometriosis. In laparoscopy a small & lighted instrument known as the laparoscope is used. The laparoscope is inserted through small incisions made near the abdomen area. The size of the incision is around 5-15 millimeters. Laparoscopy has several advantages over laparotomy:
- Small incision : Laparoscopy is a minimally invasive surgery and the incisions made are of the size of 5-15mm.
- Decreased stay : The hospital stay if any, due to laparoscopy is relatively much shorter than the stay required due to laparotomy.
- Decreased pain : Since the incisions are smaller the pain is also considerably lesser.
- Better Vision : The high magnification provided laparoscopy allows for very accurate identification of adhesions and also allows for very accurate correction of these with restoration of normal anatomy.
- Decreased adhesion formation and potential complications : With better vision due to laparoscopy the doctor is better equipped to accurately restore of normal anatomy, hence reducing the possibility of adhesion formation and future complications.