Ovarian cancer is a rare type of cancer that affects less than 1 million people in India every year, but it accounts for more casualties than any other female reproductive organ cancer. This type of cancer is hard to detect in its early stages. It is usually detected when it has spread within the abdomen and pelvis, but it is very difficult to treat the cancer at this late stage. Therefore, the best time to treat it is during its early stages.
The risk factors of ovarian cancer are, age obesity pregnancy history estrogen therapy family history, smoking, PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome), smoking, fertility treatment and IUDS (intrauterine devices). The symptoms include problems related to excretion, abdomen area and menstrual cycle. The earlier such type of cancer is detected the better it is for treatment. Diagnosis can be done by pelvic examination, special blood tests, radio imaging techniques and biopsies. The treatment for ovarian cancer depends on how far the cancer has spread and patient’s general health. Treatment usually involves a combination of surgery and chemotherapy.