Ovarian cystectomy is a surgical procedure to remove ovarian cysts. An ovarian cyst is a closed sac like structure which contains fluids. They develop in the ovaries of a woman; they can affect one or both the ovaries. The ovaries are part of female reproductive system; they are small and have a shape similar to beans. They are present on either sides of the womb. The ovaries are responsible for two important functions:
- To release an egg every 28 days, thus playing an important role in menstrual cycle.
- To release hormones like estrogen & progesterone.
Risks and complications:
The main complication is to avoid damage around the organ near the ovaries such as the fallopian tubes and uterus.