Pelvic Inflammatory Disease commonly known as PID is a disease caused due to the infection of the female reproductive organs. To understand the condition better, we need to understand the anatomy of the female reproductive system. The pelvis is in the lower abdomen and consists of several organs such as the fallopian tubes, the cervix, the ovaries and the uterus.
PID usually occurs as a complication of sexually transmitted diseases (STD). When bacteria causing sexually transmitted diseases spread to the pelvic area it results in Pelvic Inflammatory Disease. PID can cause irreversible damage to the fallopian tubes, the cervix, the ovaries and the uterus. Several bacteria can cause PID, but in most cases the disease is caused due to the same bacteria which are responsible for gonorrhoea and chlamydia.